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Mammalogy: CSE Style Guide

Citation Styles in Biology

Sorry. But there are hundreds of citation styles used in biology. Many biology journals use their own citation style. Medical biology journals may favor medical citation styles. Microbiology journals may favor chemistry citation styles. 

Ecology journals often favor the Council of Science Editors (CSE) citation style. A specific journal may modify the CSE style so that its citations may not look exactly like those in the style of the CSE book.

Biologists must be ready to adapt to the requirements of the journal or publisher.


EndNote Bibliographic Management Software

ISU EndNote Files

Save the following citation styles to the folder (usually) located at
C:\Program Files\EndNote X?\Styles
to be able to use them in EndNote

Journal of Mammalogy

BIO 428/528 will use the citation style of the Journal of Mammalogy, which uses the Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 8th edition. 

"Style.  Follow Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 8th edition, for conventions in biology. For general style and spelling, consult the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition, and a dictionary such as Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary.  The Journal of Mammalogy uses American English.  Mammal Species of the World, 3rd ed., or Handbook of the mammals of the world (4 of 8 volumes published as of August 2014) are our baselines for mammal taxonomy.  Newer names accepted; older names need justification. Serial commas should be employed (“a, b, and c” rather than “a, b and c”). Avoid sequential parentheses."


  • always italicize genus and species, capitalize the genus i.e., Homo sapiens, Vulpes vulpes, Neovison vison, Homo sapiens

Council of Science Editors

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) offers three systems of documentation. 

  • citation-name system
  • citation-sequence system
  • name-year system

The ISU Mammalogy class uses the Name Year system. Students need not capitalize the authors names. Students need not cite using the abbreviation of the journal title.

CSE Citation Style Resources

Subject Guide

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